13-20% of all running injuries can be attributed to shin splints. Shin splints is an umbrella term that includes inflamed muscles, tendons, and/or the thin layer of tissue that covers the bone. Although painful enough to keep you on the sidelines for a while, most cases of shin splints can be effectively treated conservatively with ice, rest, over-the-counter pain relievers and wearing appropriate footwear.
What causes the pain? Usually, shin splints develop as a result of consistent stressing of the bones, muscles, and joints of the lower leg. The result is irritation and inflammation, both of which cause pain. Factors that contribute to shin splints may include:
If you are suffering from shin splints, initially you should: